The Russian Federation is, like other countries in Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA), today a member of the UNECE Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution - CLRTAP. It is becoming increasingly important to have a more active participation from the EECCA countries in the work of the Convention. The participation includes the development of agreements under the Convention and its protocols, in order to safeguard a corresponding development within the EU and elsewhere in the world.
The GAINS model, developed by the International Institute for Applied System Analysis, is a tool used for analyzing present and future emissions of air pollutants and greenhouse gases, the potential and costs required to abate these emissions and the environmental and health impacts associated with elevated emissions of the considered pollutants and gases. The model is one of the key instruments used in the negotiation work of the CLRTAP as well as in the work with air quality and greenhouse gases in the EU. Only countries and regions with updated and validated data in the model can be adequately analyzed in relation to other countries. In order to get a complete picture of the air pollution situation it is of utmost importance to involve the EECCA countries actively in the work with this model.
At the international air pollution workshop "Saltsjöbaden III" in Gothenburg in March 2007, a special working group discussed obstacles and measures for promoting a larger attention to air pollution and related measures within the EECCA countries. Based on these discussions and the fact that Sweden and the Russian Federation have a tradition to work together within this field, a joint project was elaborated: “Development of the Co-operation within the LRTAP Convention". Since 2009, a part of the activities have been financed by the Nordic Council of Ministers.
Guidance on GAINS application (pdf, 2.4 MB) model in the state environmental management system of the Russian Federation (Russian; English version is under development)
Guidance document on Critical Load assessments (in Russian) (pdf, 790.3 kB)